While chemicals are mandatory in various fields, they have a high chance of causing lethal occurrences; primarily when handled carelessly. This is because the majority of the compounds have mixtures that are hazardous to people, property, and the environment. Different chemicals have varying transport regulations. However, under the Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards, you need to adhere to specific rules when shipping hazardous chemicals.
The following are five OSHA regulations you should know about transporting chemicals.
1. Proper UN Shipping Name
A correct UN shipping name is a technical term that well-describes the chemical you are transporting. Therefore, the term should define the composition of your substance. Pure compounds are convenient for naming, compared to the mixed counterparts as they require only single entries. Hazardous mixtures should have generic entries that specify every substance contained in the mixture. Though selecting a correct shipping name can prove challenging, you ought to allocate an accurate shipping name for your chemicals for the safety of other workers and the environment.
2. UN Number
It is mandatory to label any hazardous material in transportation using a UN Number. A UN Number is a four-digit figure which appears before the UN shipping name. Keep in mind that this should be accurate as it also identifies the type of article you wish to transport. For instance, material in its liquid form receives a UN number differing from those of chemicals in their molten, stable, and gaseous states. Likewise, pure chemicals and those of mixed compounds differ in terms of UN Numbers. Provided you are shipping any dangerous goods; you can locate the right UN numbers under Section 14 of Safety Data Sheets (SDS).
3. Packing Group
Following OSHA regulations, a packing group is a number that identifies chemicals based on their degrees of toxicity. Hence, for more specificity, you need to assign your material a proper packing group. That way, every party who comes in contact with the hazard package can take necessary precautions following the level of severity. There are three levels of packing group, namely Group I, Group II, and Group III. They represent different levels of danger; high, medium, and low, respectively. The packing group is crucial as it determines the type of packaging required, aside from improving convenience when you are finding qualified packages.
4. Shipping Class of Hazard
Apart from the packing group, you have to indicate the class of your material. Typically, there are nine classes for hazardous substances, that is, Class 1-9. These classes represent gases, explosives, flammable liquids and solids, infectious articles, radioactive substances, corrosive material, oxidizing compounds, and common toxic material. Similar to packaging groups, shipping hazard classes makes it easier for you to identify the right packaging and specify the necessary precautions.
5. Detailed Precautions for Users
Besides the standard precautions for all hazardous material, there is a need to be precise regarding the necessary measures of different chemicals. This too is a primary significance as it protects consumers, workers and other parties during handling of the dangerous packages. For instance, you must indicate the type of protective gear users should consider while dealing with the material.
Hazardous chemicals are among the top causes of lethal health complications, property damage, and environment poisoning. Thus, it is significant to take great care while dealing with the goods in every setting, including shipping. The above mentioned OSHA regulations for shipping chemicals are helpful guidelines that reduce the chances of emergencies.